Ecotourism is made up of four basic: natural environment, culturally manner, education, and Contributing to the host community’s well-being
All tourism that is directly dependent on the use of natural resources, such as wildlife and landscapes, is considered responsible tourism. Ecotourism and mass tourism are examples of nature-based tourism. Uncontrolled mass tourism contributes to the degradation of natural and cultural significance (cultural commercialization), resulting in the loss of biological and cultural biodiversity as well as important sources of income.
Nature-based tourism provides a means of funding the preservation of rare ecosystems. This provides an economic benefit to the community living near the protected areas, such as job opportunities. However, while nature-based tourism and travel help to preserve the environment, they also degrade it. A lot of nature-based tourism isn’t socially responsible to the local community.
There are many types of sustainable tourism, but the most important thing is to make sure that all of the tourism activities are focused on a natural or cultural heritage resource that can be sustained in the near future.
If you want to travel to a natural area to admire, study, and enjoy the scenery, wild plants and animals, and cultural features there, “ecotourism” is what you’re looking for, says Hector Ceballos-Lascurian (1983).
Ecotourism is made up of four basic components:
- •The natural environment is the main attraction, with the cultural environment filling in the gaps.
- • The use of resources in an environmentally and culturally sustainable manner.
- • Priority is placed on resource interpretation and education.
- • Contributing to the host community’s well-being
Tourism is about people and places where one group of people leaves, visits, and passes through places; the people who make the trip possible and the people they meet on the tour; and it involves travelers, host communities, and governments.
The destination is perhaps one of the most important aspects of the tourism industry. The tourist attraction at the destination generates the visit, while the destination region serves as the raison d’être for tourism. Tourism products are consumed in the places where they are produced (destinations). As a result, the destination has to compete with a lot of people who want to go there at the same time and at the same places, like the warm beaches of East Africa and the Indian Ocean during the winter in the northern hemisphere.
Tourist pressures can alter tourism resources, and as tourism resources and tourist demand continue to grow, many destinations around the world have suffered environmental degradation. Environmentalists and other stakeholders are concerned about the impact of some forms of tourism development on the environment. As a result, professional destination management and planning are essential if tourism is to contribute to their conservation and be accepted as a viable industry in a world where survival is at risk.
Tourism necessitates a natural setting in which to operate. It is critical that tour operations be developed and managed in such a way that natural assets are protected. We believe that the degree to which tourism is developed, planned, and managed in a systematic and coordinated manner has an impact on the long-term quality of the tourism product and, as a result, the success of the hospitality industry. Despite the fact that tourism can be a driver of growth, it is important for government agencies to plan and develop tourism carefully so that the benefits can be maximized while avoiding social and environmental issues.
Low-impact tourism mitigates the negative effects of mass tourism, which pose a variety of challenges to the resource base, including the environment, society, and economy. Low-impact tourism helps to maintain a balance between environmental quality and resource use. This is primarily for the purpose of empowering local communities to manage their natural resources, as well as creating an incentive to conserve biological resources in the environment by allowing the positive effects of tourism to filter down to individual families and households.
Alternative tourism is defined as tourism that is consistent with natural social and community values and that allows both the host and the guest to have a positive and worthwhile interaction and shared experience. It is also referred to as ecotourism, natural tourism, and sustainable tourism. Walking tours, bird safaris, camel safaris, guided nature walks, horseback safaris, bicycle tours, home and farm stays, and youth tourism are examples of sustainable tourism that are environmentally friendly, environmentally sensitive, ecologically compatible, and ecologically sound.
Many destinations marketed as responsible tourism ignore local community development, economic, social, and human rights issues. Indeed, the majority of them are unconcerned about the resource as long as it results in the passage of the “green bill.” Staff and tourist education, i.e., the expected visitor behavior, must be taken into consideration. As a result, nature-based tourism is defined as a form of sustainable development. Ties (1991) defined set principles as “responsible travel to natural areas that conserves the environment while also sustaining the well-being of the local people.”
It is now fashionable to look at tourism development in the context of “sustainability”, “alternative tourism”, and “green tourism”, all of which have a particular meaning to different people, but the majority of these are just eco-labels or marketing and PR slongs. Sustainable tourism is tourism that meets current needs without putting future generations at risk of not being able to meet their own.